What is hysterectomy and for what reasons do they remove your uterus?

What is hysterectomy

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Wondering what is hysterectomy and if this procedure will solve your problems?

Technically, a hysterectomy is a surgical procedure where they take out a woman’s uterus, and sometimes due to your medical condition, the doctor may also need to remove other organs.

But the answer to what is hysterectomy is more complex. For most women, a hysterectomy means a big change in their lives. For one, they cannot bear children anymore. Some women will suddenly battle with menopause symptoms and others will have problems with terrible mood swings or even depression.


Types of hysterectomy surgery include:

  • A subtotal, supracervical or partial hysterectomy.When the remove only the uterus body and not the cervix.
  • In the medical world, they refer to a total or complete hysterectomy when they remove the cervix together with the uterus.
  • With certain conditions, it is in some cases necessary for the surgeon to remove the fallopian tubes (salpingectomy) plus the ovaries (oophorectomy).
  • When there is cancer the surgeon may have to do a radical hysterectomy, that is removal of the uterus, cervix and upper vagina.

Believe it or not but a hysterectomy is the second major surgical procedure done in the United States. They estimate that maybe 25% of these hysterectomy surgeries are unnecessary and could be treated with alternative methods.



Reasons to have a hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is done for a number of reasons. Some are necessary to save a woman’s life, and others are to prevent future ailments.

A hysterectomy is mainly done for;

  • Cancers(or fibroids )of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes or ovaries
  • Severe endometriosis
  • Placenta previa, severe bleeding after giving birth
  • Vaginal prolapse
  • Preventive measure for family history of breast cancer


What surgical methods do they use for hysterectomy?

They can remove a woman’s uterus in different ways. This largely depends on the condition that requires this kind of surgery and on the experience of a surgeon with newer techniques like a robotic hysterectomy. In some cases, the surgeon decides to do an abdominal hysterectomy because this way he can look at the abdomen. It can also be that your doctor decides that the uterus is too large to remove it through the vagina. Every woman prefers a minimally invasive hysterectomy, but as you understand this is not always possible.

How they can perform a hysterectomy;

  • Abdominal hysterectomy.
  • Vaginal hysterectomy.
  • Laparoscopic hysterectomy.
  • Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH).
  • Robotic-assisted surgery.

More about the each hysterectomy procedure.

What is hysterectomy? How is the operation carried out?

Whether they remove the uterus through the vagina or through the abdomen, the procedure is generally the same. In a few words, the doctor will have to tie off and cut the fallopian tubes and any arteries and veins connected to the uterus before he can cut the uterus free from the cervix and remove it. Afterward, he will close the vagina with stitches and reattach the uterosacral ligaments (bands that keep your uterus in place) that cut to remove the uterus.

There is still a lot of confusion among women on the subject of what is hysterectomy. In the next video Dr Miller will explain the various methods and what the word hysterectomy actually means.